March 23, 2023
types of UK taxes

As the UK enters a new decade, there are a number of changes that will be taking place both on the national and local level. One of these changes is the introduction of different kinds of UK taxes in 2023. This blog post explores each kind of tax and how it will affect you as a taxpayer. From income tax to VAT, read on to learn everything you need to know about the new taxes in England and Wales in 2023.

Income Tax

For individuals, the UK has a number of taxes that can be levied, including income tax, capital gains tax and Inheritance Tax. Income tax is a widely-used form of taxation in the UK and is paid by individuals who receive income. This tax can be applied to various sources of income, such as salaries, pension contributions, and self-employment earnings.

There are two main types of income tax in the UK: basic rate and higher rate. The basic rate of income tax applies to earnings between £0 and £18,000 per year. while the higher rate of income tax applies to earnings above £18,000 per year. In addition to these two main rates. there are also additional rates (for those earning over £32,500 per year) which apply on a sliding scale. For most people,

their total taxable income will be calculated as their total taxable earnings plus any pension contributions or other deductions they have made.

Most people in the UK pay taxes using PAYE (pay as you earn).this means that their employer deducts the appropriate amount of tax from their salary each month. If an individual pays themselves more than they earn in wages each month through self-employment or other sources such as pension contributions or dividends then they may have to declare this extra money as taxable income.

Capital gains tax is another type of taxation that individuals may face in the UK. Capital gains refer to any profits made on the sale

Value-Added Tax

Different Kinds of UK Taxes in

When it comes to taxes, there are a variety of types that the United Kingdom can impose. In this article, we’ll take a look at three of the most common:

VAT), corporation tax, and income tax.

This tax is a type of indirect tax that applies to goods and services sold in the UK. (VAT) is a tax that is imposed on goods and services in the UK. This tax is calculated at a rate of 20% and is usually collected by the seller from the buyer as a part of the sale price. VAT is widely used in Europe, but is also utilized in other regions around the world.

Corporation tax is another type of indirect tax that applies to businesses in the UK. The tax is levied at a rate of 23% and is payable by companies on their taxable profits. Corporation tax helps to fund public services like healthcare and education.

Income tax is perhaps the most well-known type of British taxation. It’s an annual levy that applies to income earned by individuals and families in the UK. The minimum amount that can be taxed each year is £10,000 (£8,000 for those over 65 years old). Income from work, pension payments, interest, dividends, rent etc. all qualify as taxable income.

Landlord Tax Planning

1. UK tax planning can be complex. depending on your circumstances. there are a number of different taxes that you may be liable for. This includes income tax, capital gains tax, council tax and more.

2. To help you with your UK tax planning. it is important to understand the difference between each type of tax and what qualifies as taxable income. Additionally, make sure to keep all relevant records and documentation to support your claims should an audit occur.

3. One common tactic used by landlords is to claim deductions for expenses related to their rental properties, such as property maintenance costs and mortgage payments. By doing this, they can reduce their taxable income overall and avoid paying large amounts in taxes.

4. It is also important to keep track of any changes in your financial situation – such as marital status or a new job – so that you can adjust your tax filing accordingly. If you have any questions about UK taxes or would like help navigating the complex system, don’t hesitate to reach out to an experienced accountant or lawyer.

Corporation Tax

1. Corporation Tax in the UK

The UK corporation tax system is based on the so-called double taxation agreement between the UK and its overseas taxing jurisdictions. This means that companies registered in the UK are subject to both corporate income tax and national insurance contributions. irrespective of whether they have any operations in the UK. The main advantage of this system is that it leads to a high level of certainty for businesses. they know exactly what their taxes will be each year. without having to worry about retrospective changes.

2. Corporation Tax Rates in the UK

The current corporate income tax rate in the UK is 20%. This rate applies to taxable profits (i.e. profits after deducting allowable deductions) exceeding £18m (£12m for smaller companies). There is a reduced rate of 15% available for companies with an annual taxable profit below £2m (£1m for smaller companies).

3. Taxation of Foreign-owned Companies in the UK

Foreign companies aren’t taxed in the UK unless they earn taxable profits from UK activities. To be incorporated in the UK and eligible for taxation. the company must meet HMRC’s criteria, including having a resident shareholder ordinarily residing in the UK. If not, the company may be considered a “controlled foreign company” and taxed accordingly.

National Insurance Contributions

In the UK, NICs are a mandatory tax to finance social security and public pensions. Employers and employees both contribute to the pool, which funds benefits such as healthcare, unemployment, and housing. The amount paid each month is based on income and employment duration. If you are self-employed. you will also have to pay NICs on any profits that you make.

There are two main types of NICs:

Class 1 contributions cover earnings up to £8,060 per year from employment. Class 2 contributions apply to earnings over £8,060 but not over £46,090. You must declare all your income and pays taxes on this figure. Although most people only have to pay Class 1 NICs every month. people who earn a lot of money may also have to pay Class 2 NICs.

There are a number of other taxes that UK residents may have to pay. For example, capital gains tax applies if you sell investments or property worth more than the original purchase price. This tax is based on the difference between the sale price and the original cost of the investment or property. Taxpayers who are resident in the UK but not British citizens may also be subject to additional taxes. such as inheritance tax or stamp duty when they sell assets.

Inheritance Tax

The Inheritance Tax is a tax on the value of an estate. including any assets that were passed down to the inheritors. This tax is calculated based on the total value of the estate at the time of the deceased’s death. taking into consideration any assets that were transferred prior to the death. The amount of Inheritance Tax that is payable can be affected by factors such as the value of the estate and the transfer of specific assets as part of the inheritance.

There are various methods for calculating Inheritance Tax.

Anyone who is liable to pay inheritance tax should contact their accountant to determine their specific taxes liability.


There are a variety of taxes that the UK imposes on its citizens and businesses. These taxes can take many different forms. from direct taxes (such as income tax and corporation tax) to indirect taxes (such as VAT). This article looks at some of the most common UK taxes.

1. Income Tax:

One of the main types of taxes levied by the UK government is income tax. This type of tax is levied on the incomes earned by individuals and companies in the country. The rate of income tax varies depending on your income bracket. if it is generally highest for those earning over £100,000 per year. In addition.

there are also various other associated duties and penalties that may be payable when filing an income tax return.

2. Corporation Tax:

Another major type of tax paid by businesses in the UK is corporation tax. This tax is levied on companies that have a taxable profit. (after all legitimate costs such as employee wages, rent, etc., have been accounted for). The rate of corporation tax varies depending on a company’s taxable profits, but it is typically around 20%. In addition.

there are also various other associated duties and penalties that may be payable when filing an annual return with HMRC.

3. Value-Added Tax (VAT):

Another major type of UK taxation is VAT (value-addedtax). This type of tax is imposed on good. services that are added to the value of another product or service


In the coming year, there will be many changes to UK taxes. Here are some of the most important ones to know about:

The basic rate of income tax will decrease from 20% to 20%. The higher rate of income tax will increase from 40% to 45%. A new 10% additional rate will apply on earnings over £123,000. The threshold at which you pay the 30p starting rate for pensioners and students will increase from £41,865 to £43,700.

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